In American politics, the southern strategy was the Republican Party’s policy to gain political support in the South by appealing to the racism against African Americans harbored by many southern white voters. This is what presidential candidate Richard Nixon used in an effort to win the presidency.





Rachel Carson is regarded as the finest nature writer of the 20th century. She is remembered more today as the woman who challenged the notion that humans could obtain mastery over nature by chemicals, bombs, and space travel. She wrote¬†Silent Spring which warned of the dangers to all natural systems from the misuse of chemical pesticides such as DDT, and questioned the scope and direction of modern science, initiated the contemporary environmental movement. Initially, no one was concerned about the environment. It was mentioned more in spelling bees than on the evening news. Rachel Carson set the stage for Earth Day by writing her novel. Earth Day was founded by Gaylord Nelson, a US Senator from Wisconsin, and he started it after witnessing the ravages of the 1969 massive oil spill in Santa Barbara, California. Earth Day was created to be a day to focus on the environment and what we can do to keep a healthy, safe environment on Earth. The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is a US environmental law that promotes the enhancement of the environment and established the President’s Council on Environmental Quality. Currently, the EPA is in charge of the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Toxic Substances Control Act, and more.




Cesar Chavez was an American labor leader an civil rights activist that founded the National Farm Workers Association. He became the best known Latino American civil rights activist and was strongly promoted by the American labor movement. He approached civil rights with aggressive but nonviolent tactics. The National Farmers Workers Movement was started by Cesar Chavez in 1962. It is a labor union for farmworkers in the US.



Take Back

The National Organization for Women was founded on June 30, 1966 by a group of activists who wanted to end sexual discrimination. Women all across the world have been encouraged to take back their voices by speaking out against sexual assault crimes through Take Back the Night. TBTN is a national women’s march where women protest sexual assaults. Women and men are allowed to share their stories and their stories will be kept confidential within their groups. They have a candlelight vigil and keynote speakers. This movement has made the concept of rape and how relevant it is in modern society a hard thing to ignore. Feminism is significantly more popular than it has ever been. The Feminine Mystique was a book written by Betty Friedan in 1963 and is credited for sparking the second wave of feminism within the US. It all started when she conducted a survey for her former classmates at their reunion and found out that none of them were happy being housewives, and this prompted her to research for her book. Roe, a Texas resident, wanted to end her pregnancy through abortion. Texas law would not allow abortions except to save the pregnant woman’s life. The court ended up voting a 7-2 and gave a woman total autonomy over the pregnancy during the first trimester.



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The NAACP is the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. It’s a civil rights organization in the US formed in 1909 by W. E. B. Du Bois as a bi-racial organization to advance justice for African Americans. The mission was to ensure political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination. The SNCC is the Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee and was one of the most important organizations of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a student meeting organized by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960. The summer of 1964 was known as the Freedom Summer and it was a voter registration project in Mississippi, part of a larger effort by civil rights groups such as the Congress of Racial Equality and the SNCC. The SCLC is the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and is an African-American civil rights organization. It is closely associated with its first president, Martin Luther King Jr, and had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement. Freedom Riders are a group of northern idealists active in the civil rights movement. The Freedom Riders, which included both blacks and whites, rode buses into the south in the early 1960s in order to challenge racial segregation. Sit ins were common on college campuses and they are the act of a group of people occupying a space in a form of protest. The Montgomery bus boycott was a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement, and was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. University of California v Bakke was a court case in which Allan Bakke, a 35 yr old white man, had applied twice for admission to the University of California Med School at Davis and he was rejected both times. The school had reserved spots for minorities, and Bakke had a better GPA and better test scores, so the court and chief justi ruled in an 8-1 decision for bakke.







Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was shot by a confirmed racist and small-time criminal named James Earl Ray on April 4th, 1968. Ray shot MLK because King was a very prominent Civil Rights leader and Ray was completely opposed to the Civil Rights movement. The King assassination riots, aka the Holy Week Uprising, was a wave of national civil disturbance following the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. They were considered the largest wave of social unrest the US experienced since the Civil War. Some of the biggest riots took place in Washington DC, Baltimore, Chicago, and Kansas City. Robert F. Kennedy was killed shortly after midnight on June 5, 1968 in Los Angeles, California. It was after winning the California and South Dakota primary elections for the Democratic nomination for the President of the United States that he was shot while exiting through the hotel kitchen immediately after he had left the podium. Sirhan Sirhan, a 24 year old Palestinian/Jordanian immigrant was convicted of Kennedy’s murder and served a life sentence for the crime. Kennedy stood on a platform of racial equality and economic justice, non-aggression in foreign policy, decentralization of power and social improvement and just like with King’s assassination, there were people still against civil rights and they didn’t Kennedy to progress with the movement. In 1968, the Democratic National Convention protests occurred. Tens of thousands of Vietnam War protesters battled the police within the streets while the Democratic Party fell apart over an internal disagreement concerning its stance on Vietnam. These protesters were anti-war and gathered to show their support for McCarthy and the US withdrawl of troops from Vietnam.





Lyndon B. Johnson created “The Great Society”, a set of domestic programs in the US. The main goal was to eliminate poverty and racial injustice. This “Society” created new major spending programs that addressed education, medical care, urban problems, rural poverty, and transportation. Medicare is a federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, certain younger people with disabilities, and people with End-Stage Renal Disease. It is primarily funded by general revenues (31%), payroll taxes (38%), and beneficiary premiums (13%).


What new knowledge will stick with you?

The Great Society was created to help the poor

How is the content you just wrote about impact the world (or even your world) today?

This program really does decrease the amount of poverty within the country and assists those with disabilities.